Short Notes on Parliament of India – The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of India, comprising of the President of India and the two houses of Parliament, namely the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
Short Notes on Parliament of India
Parliament of India is responsible for making and amending laws, as well as overseeing the functioning of the government. Here are some short notes on the Parliament of India:
Composition of Parliament:
The Parliament of India is composed of the President of India, the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). The President is the head of the Indian state, while the two houses of Parliament are responsible for making laws and holding the government accountable.
The Rajya Sabha is the upper house of Parliament, consisting of 245 members, of which 233 are elected by the legislative assemblies of the states and union territories, and 12 are nominated by the President. Members of the Rajya Sabhar are elected for a term of six years, with one-third of the members retiring every two years.
The Lok Sabha is the lower house of Parliament, consisting of 545 members, of which 543 are elected by the people of India, and two are nominated by the President. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected for a term of five years, with elections being held every five years or earlier if the House is dissolved.
Functions of Parliament:
The Parliament of India has three main functions: to make laws, to control the finances of the government, and to hold the government accountable for its actions. It is also responsible for approving treaties and agreements with other countries, and for amending the Constitution of India.
Sessions of Parliament:
The Parliament of India meets for three sessions each year: the Budget Session (February to May), the Monsoon Session (July to September), and the Winter Session (November to December). Each session lasts for about three weeks to a month, and during this time, members of Parliament debate and discuss various issues of national importance.
In conclusion, the Parliament of India is an important institution that plays a crucial role in the functioning of India’s democracy. It is responsible for making and amending laws, controlling the finances of the government, and holding the government accountable for its actions. By fulfilling these functions, the Parliament ensures that India remains a vibrant and thriving democracy that is able to meet the needs and aspirations of its people.