Salient features of fundamental Rights in Indian Constitution – The fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution are a set of basic rights and freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens of India
The fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution are a set of basic rights and freedoms that are guaranteed to all citizens of India. These rights are enshrined in Part III (Articles 12 to 35) of the Constitution and are considered to be the cornerstone of democratic governance in the country. Here are some salient features of the fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution:
Salient features of fundamental Rights in Indian Constitution
Equality before the law (Article 14): This ensures that every person is equal before the law and prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
Right to freedom (Articles 19-22): This includes the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to assemble peacefully and without arms, the right to form associations or unions, the right to move freely throughout the territory of India, and the right to reside and settle in any part of the country.
Right against exploitation (Articles 23-24): This prohibits trafficking in human beings, forced labor, and employment of children in hazardous conditions.
Right to freedom of religion (Articles 25-28): This guarantees individuals the freedom to profess, practice, and propagate any religion of their choice, as well as the freedom to manage religious affairs, subject to certain restrictions.
Cultural and educational rights (Articles 29-30): These rights protect the rights of minorities to conserve their language, script, and culture, and the right of all citizens to establish and administer educational institutions.
Right to constitutional remedies (Article 32): This empowers individuals to directly approach the Supreme Court for the enforcement of their fundamental rights through writs like habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, certiorari, and quo warranto.
Right to life and personal liberty (Article 21): This is considered the most fundamental right, which includes the right to live with dignity, the right to personal liberty, and safeguards against arbitrary arrest and detention.
Right to privacy (recognized as a fundamental right by the Supreme Court): While not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, the Supreme Court has held that the right to privacy is an intrinsic part of the right to life and personal liberty.
It’s important to note that these are just some of the salient features of the fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution. The Constitution also includes additional rights and protections to ensure the welfare and dignity of its citizens.