Short Notes on Rajya Sabha- Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Indian Parliament, also known as the Council of States. It is one of the two chambers of the Indian Parliament, the other being the Lok Sabha. The Rajya Sabha has a maximum strength of 250 members, out of which 238 are elected by the elected members of the state legislative assemblies and Union territories, while the remaining 12 are nominated by the President of India.
Short Notes on Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha plays an important role in the legislative process of India. It has the power to initiate and pass bills, and can also amend or reject bills passed by the Lok Sabha. The Rajya Sabha also has the power to propose amendments to the Constitution, which must be approved by a two-thirds majority in both houses of Parliament.
The term of a Rajya Sabha member is six years, and one-third of the members retire every two years. Members of the Rajya Sabha are not directly elected by the people, but by the elected representatives of the state legislative assemblies and Union territories. This ensures that the Rajya Sabha represents the interests of the states and Union territories, and acts as a check on the power of the Lok Sabha.
The Rajya Sabha has a number of important functions. It acts as a forum for debate and discussion on important issues of national and international importance. It also has the power to review and scrutinize the work of the government, and can call upon government officials to provide information and answer questions.
The Rajya Sabha also has the power to impeach the President of India, the Vice-President of India, judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts, and other high-ranking officials of the government. Impeachment proceedings can be initiated in the Rajya Sabha by a motion supported by at least one-fourth of its members.
The Rajya Sabha has a number of committees that play an important role in its functioning. These committees include the Committee on Ethics, the Committee on Privileges, the Committee on Petitions, and the Committee on Subordinate Legislation. These committees are responsible for scrutinizing and reviewing the work of the government and its officials, and making recommendations to the Rajya Sabha.
In conclusion, the Rajya Sabha is an important institution in the Indian democratic system. It represents the interests of the states and Union territories, and acts as a check on the power of the Lok Sabha. It has a number of important functions, including the power to initiate and pass bills, review the work of the government, and propose amendments to the Constitution. Its committees play an important role in scrutinizing and reviewing the work of the government and its officials. The Rajya Sabha is a vital institution in ensuring that the Indian democratic system functions effectively and efficiently.
10 lines on Rajya Sabha
- The Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament of India, alongside the Lok Sabha, the lower house.
- It represents the states and union territories of India, with a total of 245 members as per its current composition.
- Members of the Rajya Sabha are not directly elected by the public; they are chosen by the respective state legislatures and union territory legislatures.
- The Rajya Sabha plays a crucial role in the legislative process by reviewing and suggesting amendments to bills passed by the Lok Sabha.
- It serves as a platform for in-depth discussions on various issues, bringing diverse perspectives from different states and backgrounds.
- The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, and in their absence, a Deputy Chairman presides over its proceedings.
- One-third of Rajya Sabha members retire every two years, ensuring continuity and allowing for new voices to contribute.
- The Rajya Sabha’s primary functions include participating in the creation of laws, representing states’ interests, and offering expert insights on policy matters.
- It can also initiate discussions on subjects of national importance and engage in debates that contribute to shaping the nation’s policies.
- The Rajya Sabha, with its diverse membership, promotes federalism by giving states a voice in the central legislative process and ensures a balanced representation of various regions in India.