Important legal Maxims for Judicial Exams – Legal maxims are concise statements of legal principles that have been developed over time and are used to guide legal reasoning and decision-making. They are often used in judicial exams to test the understanding of candidates on legal principles. Here are some important legal maxims that can be useful for judicial exams:
Important legal Maxims for Judicial Exams
Audi alteram partem – This maxim means “hear the other side”. It is a fundamental principle of natural justice that requires that both parties to a dispute should be heard before a decision is made.
Res judicata – This maxim means “a matter already judged”. It refers to the principle that a matter that has already been decided by a competent court cannot be re-litigated.
Nemo debet bis vexari pro una et eadem causa – This maxim means “no one should be twice troubled or vexed for one and the same cause”. It is a principle of double jeopardy that prevents a person from being prosecuted or punished twice for the same offence.
Ignorantia juris non excusat – This maxim means “ignorance of the law is no excuse”. It is a fundamental principle of criminal law that a person cannot claim ignorance of the law as a defence.
Actus reus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea – This maxim means “an act does not make a person guilty unless the mind is also guilty”. It is a fundamental principle of criminal law that requires that both the act and the intention to commit the act must be present for a person to be guilty of a crime.
Fiat justitia ruat caelum – This maxim means “let justice be done though the heavens fall”. It emphasizes the importance of justice and the duty of the judiciary to ensure that justice is done, regardless of the consequences.
In conclusion, legal maxims are important for judicial exams as they are used to test the understanding of candidates on legal principles. Candidates who are preparing for judicial exams should have a good understanding of these legal maxims and their application in different areas of law.
Studying legal maxims can be helpful for judicial exams as they encapsulate fundamental principles of law. Here are some important legal maxims that you might find useful:
- Fiat justitia ruat caelum: Let justice be done though the heavens fall.
- Actus reus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea: An act is not criminal unless there is a guilty mind.
- Ignorantia juris non excusat: Ignorance of the law is no excuse.
- Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa: No one should be a judge in his own case.
- In dubio pro reo: When in doubt, favor the accused.
- Ubi jus, ibi remedium: Where there is a right, there is a remedy.
- Ex facto jus oritur: Law arises from the facts.
- Res ipsa loquitur: The thing speaks for itself.
- Nemo dat quod non habet: No one can give what they do not possess.
- Qui facit per alium facit per se: He who acts through another acts himself.
- Audi alteram partem: Hear the other side.
- Caveat emptor: Let the buyer beware.
- Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus: False in one thing, false in everything.
- Ratio decidendi: The reason for the decision.
- Volenti non fit injuria: To one who is willing, no harm is done.
- Qui prior est tempore, potior est jure: He who is earlier in time is stronger in right.
- Salus populi suprema lex: The welfare of the people is the supreme law.
- Expressio unius est exclusio alterius: The expression of one thing is the exclusion of another.
- Lex non cogit ad impossibilia: The law does not compel the impossible.
- De minimis non curat lex: The law does not concern itself with trifles.
Remember that the application and interpretation of these maxims can vary based on the specific legal context and jurisdiction. It’s essential to understand their meanings and implications thoroughly to apply them effectively in judicial exams.