Why India Needs More Courts – In the world’s largest democracy, access to justice is a fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution.
Why India Needs More Courts
In the world’s largest democracy, access to justice is a fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution. Still, the Indian justice system faces a serious challenge: a staggering backlog of cases. The need to increase the number of courts in India has never been more important, as it not only expedites justice but upholds the principles of justice and equality for all citizens.
India’s judicial system consists of the Supreme Court, High Courts and District Courts, each vested with specific jurisdiction and powers. Despite the presence of these layers of the judiciary, the backlog of cases has reached alarming levels, with lakhs of cases pending, which can lead to delays of years. This backlog itself is a denial of justice and a violation of the basic principles of democracy.
A primary reason for the backlog is the volume of cases filed each year. Increasing population, social and economic complexities and increasing awareness of one’s rights have increased the case stress. The current number of judges and courtrooms cannot meet this growing demand.
To solve this problem it is imperative to increase the number of courts across the country. Here’s why it’s so important:
- Timely Justice: One of the most important benefits of having more courts is speedy justice. With increased capacity, cases can be scheduled and heard more expeditiously, reducing wait times for litigants and ensuring fair and efficient resolution.
- Reducing backlog: Increase in number of courts will undoubtedly help in reducing the backlog of pending cases. A significant reduction in the pendency of cases will not only benefit individuals but will also improve the overall functioning of the justice system.
- Better Case Management: More courts can lead to better case management. Judges can focus more on each case, ensuring a thorough investigation and reducing the chance of error or wrong decision.
- Access to Justice: A large number of courts, especially at lower levels, can significantly improve access to justice for citizens living in remote areas. This move can help bridge the urban-rural gap in terms of judicial services.
- Economic Growth: An efficient and speedy judiciary is essential for economic growth and investment. Growth in courts can create a more conducive environment for businesses by speeding up the resolution of commercial disputes.
- RULE OF LAW: A well-functioning judiciary is the bedrock of a democratic society. Expanding the judiciary helps uphold the rule of law, upholds the principles of justice and equity.
- Social Impact: Many vulnerable sections of society including women, children and marginalized communities depend on the legal system for protection and justice. Increasing the number of courts ensures that these persons have access to legal remedies and security.
While increasing the number of courts is imperative, it is equally important to address related issues such as appointment of judges, infrastructure and resources. The government should take a comprehensive approach to reforming the judiciary.
Finally, extending the reach of justice through the establishment of more courts is not just an administrative necessity but a constitutional duty. This is a fundamental step towards ensuring that every Indian citizen can get justice within a reasonable time. Only by strengthening the capacity of the judiciary can we truly uphold the principles of democracy, equality and the rule of law in our great nation.