In this Article we are providing Salient Features of Juvenile Justice Act i.e Salient Features of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act,2000 which will help you to understand JJ Act
Salient Features of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act,2000
Salient Features of Juvenile Justice Act
1. Two Separately Categories:-
It deals Separately two Categories of children i.e, ‘Child in need of care and protection’ and ‘juvenile in conflict with law’. A Child in need of care and protection is children who due to various reasons are found in difficult circumstances and are in danger of survival and growth. The juvenile in conflict with the law is those juveniles who are alleged to have committed an offence.
2.Two Separate Authority:-
Child Welfare Committee about ‘Child in need of care and protection’ and Juvenile Justice Board is another authority concerning the ‘Juvenile in conflict with law’.
3. Board Member:-
The members of the Board have been given magisterial power.
4. Recognition to NGO:-
The Social Workers and the representative of the NGO having prescribed qualification under the Act can become members of the Competent Authority.
5. Special Homes:-
The Act envisages establishing observation homes and Special Homes for ‘juvenile in conflict with law’ and For ‘Child in need of care and protection’ provision has been made to establish Comprehensive Children’s Homes.
The new model of dispositional alternatives like Counseling and community services has been incorporated for the Juveniles.
7. Social Worker:-
Besides the police Social worker have a role in the production of children before the Child Welfare Committee.
8. Personal Appearance:-
The child himself/herself can appear before the competent Authority and demand his/hers right.
9. Exemption from Jail:-
The Juvenile can not
Effect will be made to release the juvenile on bail or probation.
The Enquiry to be completed within four months from the date of its commencement unless the period is extended by the JJB/CWC, else for a reason to be recorded.
12. State Government:-
The State government under section 68 of the Act is directly responsible for the implementation of the Act.